The national flag of Canada consists of a red field with a white square at its centre atop of which sits a stylized, 11-pointed red maple leaf.
The maple leaf has long been a Canadian symbol. Long before the arrival of the first European settlers, Canada's Aboriginal peoples had discovered the edible properties of maple sap. In 1860, at a public meeting held in Toronto, the maple leaf was adopted as the national emblem of Canada for use in the decorations for the Prince of Wales' visit. Red and white were designated as Canada's official colours in 1921 by His Majesty, King George V, in the proclamation of the Royal Arms of Canada. In 1982, Laurie Skreslet, a skier from Calgary, took the Canadian flag to the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest. In 1984, the Canadian flag reached new heights when it blasted into space on the flight mission uniform of Marc Garneau, the first Canadian astronaut in space.
Flag of Canada
What is Canada flag?
The national flag of Canada has two vertical bands of red (hoist and fly side, half width) with white square between them bearing an 11-pointed red maple leaf at its center
The current Canadian flag was inaugurated on February 15, 1965 at an official ceremony held on Parliament Hill in Ottawa. National Flag of Canada Day, instituted in 1996, is observed annually on February 15 to commemorate the day the flag was unfurled on Parliament Hill. It is not a public holiday.
Canada Flag day
Flag display rules
No law dictates the proper use of the Canadian flag.
Canada Flag protocol
However, Canadian Heritage has released guidelines on how to correctly display the flag alone and with other flags. The guidelines deal with the order of precedence in which the Canadian flag is placed, where the flag can be used, how it is used, and what people should do to honour the flag. The suggestions, titled Flag Etiquette in Canada, were published by Canadian Heritage.
The flag itself can be displayed on any day at buildings operated by the Government of Canada, airports, military bases, and diplomatic offices, as well as by citizens, during any time of the day.
When flying the flag, it must be flown using its own pole and must not be inferior to other flags, save for, in descending order, the Queen's standard, the governor general's standard, any of the personal standards of members of the Canadian Royal Family, or flags of the lieutenant governors.
The Canadian flag is flown at half-mast in Canada to indicate a period of mourning.
When the Canadian flag flies along with the flags of the 10 provinces and 3 territories, the flags of the provinces and territories follow in the order that they entered Confederation. For those years when multiple provinces entered Confederation, their flags are arranged by size of population at time of entry. The order of precedence is therefore as follows: Ontario (1867), Quebec (1867), Nova Scotia (1867), New Brunswick (1867), Manitoba (1870), British Columbia (1871), Prince Edward Island (1873), Saskatchewan (1905), Alberta (1905), Newfoundland and Labrador (1949), Northwest Territories (1870), Yukon (1898) and Nunavut (1999)
Canadian flag dimensions
What are the dimensions of the Canada flag?
The flag is horizontally symmetric and therefore the obverse and reverse sides appear identical. The width of the Maple Leaf flag is twice the height. The white field is a Canadian pale (a square central band in a vertical triband flag, named after this flag); each bordering red field is exactly half its size. and it bears a stylized red maple leaf at its center. In heraldic terminology, the flag's blazon as outlined on the original royal proclamation is "gules on a Canadian pale argent a maple leaf of the first"