Canada flag history
What is the origin of Canadian flag?
The first recorded flag to fly on Canadian soil was the Cross of St. George. In 1497, Italian seafarer John Cabot explored and claimed Canada's Atlantic coast in the name of King Henry VII of England. The Cross of St. George was carried by John Cabot when he reached the east coast of Canada in 1497. A watercolour painting by John White depicted English explorers with the Cross of St. George during Martin Frobisher’s expedition of 1577.
Canadian flag history
In 1534, French explorer Jacques Cartier explored the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and took possession of the territory 'New France' in the name of King Francis I. The fleur-de-lis was a symbol of French sovereignty in Canada from 1534 to 1763. As a result of the French and Indian Wars, France ceded Canada to the United Kingdom.
Canada flag history
In 1534, French explorer Jacques Cartier explored the Gulf of Saint Lawrence where, on July 24, he planted a 33 ft cross bearing the words "Long Live the King of France" and took possession of the territory 'New France' in the name of King Francis I. The fleur-de-lis was a symbol of French sovereignty in Canada from 1534 to 1763. In 1763, as a result of the French and Indian Wars, France lost its colonial possessions in Canada ceded the territory to the United Kingdom.
Flag of Canada
What is Canada flag?
The national flag of Canada has two vertical bands of red (hoist and fly side, half width) with white square between them bearing an 11-pointed red maple leaf at its center
The current Canadian flag was inaugurated on February 15, 1965 at an official ceremony held on Parliament Hill in Ottawa. National Flag of Canada Day, instituted in 1996, is observed annually on February 15 to commemorate the day the flag was unfurled on Parliament Hill. It is not a public holiday.
Canada Flag day
Flag display rules
No law dictates the proper use of the Canadian flag.
Canada Flag protocol
However, Canadian Heritage has released guidelines on how to correctly display the flag alone and with other flags. The guidelines deal with the order of precedence in which the Canadian flag is placed, where the flag can be used, how it is used, and what people should do to honour the flag. The suggestions, titled Flag Etiquette in Canada, were published by Canadian Heritage.
The flag itself can be displayed on any day at buildings operated by the Government of Canada, airports, military bases, and diplomatic offices, as well as by citizens, during any time of the day.
When flying the flag, it must be flown using its own pole and must not be inferior to other flags, save for, in descending order, the Queen's standard, the governor general's standard, any of the personal standards of members of the Canadian Royal Family, or flags of the lieutenant governors.
The Canadian flag is flown at half-mast in Canada to indicate a period of mourning.
When the Canadian flag flies along with the flags of the 10 provinces and 3 territories, the flags of the provinces and territories follow in the order that they entered Confederation. For those years when multiple provinces entered Confederation, their flags are arranged by size of population at time of entry. The order of precedence is therefore as follows: Ontario (1867), Quebec (1867), Nova Scotia (1867), New Brunswick (1867), Manitoba (1870), British Columbia (1871), Prince Edward Island (1873), Saskatchewan (1905), Alberta (1905), Newfoundland and Labrador (1949), Northwest Territories (1870), Yukon (1898) and Nunavut (1999)
Canadian flag dimensions
What are the dimensions of the Canada flag?
The flag is horizontally symmetric and therefore the obverse and reverse sides appear identical. The width of the Maple Leaf flag is twice the height. The white field is a Canadian pale (a square central band in a vertical triband flag, named after this flag); each bordering red field is exactly half its size. and it bears a stylized red maple leaf at its center. In heraldic terminology, the flag's blazon as outlined on the original royal proclamation is "gules on a Canadian pale argent a maple leaf of the first"